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Ancient Kingdoms of Sri Lanka

Ancient Kingdoms of Sri LankaAncient Kingdoms of Sri Lanka

An island with a long and rich history spanning nearly 30,000 years, Sri Lanka is renowned for its ancient ruined civilisations and Buddhist heritage which has played a vital role throughout its historical sagas. Introduced to the country in the 3rd century B.C., Buddhism was patronised by Sri Lankan kings and became an integral part of Sinhalese culture and civilization and also had a great effect on the literary development of the island.
The first capital of Sri Lanka, Anuradhapura located in North-Central part of the island was established in the 4th century and to this date contains several monuments of historical importance, making it an archaeologist’s delight. Considered very sacred by the Buddhists, it also includes the largest dagobas in the country.
Polonnaruwa which was used by Sri Lankan kings as a country residence since the 7th century was also a capital during medieval times and at one point featured many beautiful parks and gardens and was watered by a unique irrigational complex known at the Sea of Parakrama, named after the king who built it during his reign.
Called the cultural capital of Sri Lanka, Kandy was the stronghold of the Sinhalese kings who promoted and protected the local culture until the city fell to the British in 1815.
Other ancient sites include Galle, Nuwara Eliya, Dambulla and Sigiriya all of which treasure their own unique sights and ruins reminiscent of Sri Lanka’s ancient civilisations.
The architectural legacy left behind by early Sri Lanka societies and cultures which portray entire townships with palaces, temples, monasteries, gardens and vast irrigational reservoirs which provide a vital source of water in Sri Lanka’s arid regions even today are a confirmation of a sophisticated civilisation which possessed advanced knowledge of science and technology, town planning and design and valued the arts.

 

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Sigiriya the Lion Fortress

Easily one of Sri Lanka's most prominent and well-known attractions, Sigiriya - known as the Rock Fortress or the Lion Mountain - declared to be the Eighth Wonder of the World by UNESCO, is also one of Sri Lanka's eight World Heritage Sites. A popular tourist destination, the ancient rock citadel is a fortress and palace ruin located in Central Sri Lanka encircled by the ruins of a vast network of water gardens, pathways, reservoirs and other structures.
Sigiriya the Lion Fortress

Garments and apparel manufacturing in Sri Lanka

One of the biggest industries in Sri Lanka, the manufacture and export of garments and apparel plays a vital role in the country’s economy, employing over 15 per cent of the workforce and is one of the largest contributors to export revenue, accounting for nearly half of the country’s exports.
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