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Attanagalla Raja Maha Viharaya

West Coast, Sri Lanka.
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Overview
Attanagalla Rajamaha Viharaya is one of the most famous ancient royal temples in Sri Lanka. The Attanagalla Royal temple is the primary one among its nine subordinate temples and is situated in Western Province, Sri Lanka, 28 miles northeast of Colombo.
It is unique because it is the only ancient temple historically recognised as the place where a Bodhisattva (a future Buddha) fulfilled his Dana Paramita (one of the 10 perfections to be completed by a Bodhisattva to become a Buddha, an Awakened One). He sacrificed his life by giving his head in gratitude for a favour he received from a poor and ordinary countryman.
Known by the name of King Sri Sangabo (247-249 A.D.) he was recognised in the chronicles and other ancient literature of Sri Lanka as the most pious Buddhist king in Sri Lankan history. After King Sri Sangabo, his brother Gothabhaya (249-262 A.D.) became the king of the country and built a Stupa (Pagoda) at the place where his brother, Bodhisattva Sri Sangabo, made the great sacrifice fulfilling a parami.
According to the Attanagalla Vihara Chronicle, during the reign of King Upatissa (365-406 A.D.), one of the monks, having practiced meditation, attained Arahanthship (enlightenment) at this temple. King Upatissa was very pleased to hear this and built a five-storey monastery, which he offered to the Maha Sangha.

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