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Cultural Triangle

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 A country rich in history and culture is none other than the paradise island of Sri Lanka. The heart of most of its dramatic history and its ancient civilization is in the cultural triangle. This area is formed by linking the ancient capitals of Anuradhapura, Polannaruwa, Kandy, and Dambulla with Sigiriya in the centre.  The cultural triangle is a UNESCO world heritage site and is the pride of all Sri Lankans.

The Dambulla cave temple is the largest and the best preserved cave temple and its statues and paintings relating to Lord Buddha’s life make it a must see for all visitors to Sri Lanka. It is situated on top of a colossal rock which offers views of the immediate plains from 160m above. Also known as the Golden Temple, the major attractions are five caves which hold statues and paintings which represent Buddha and his life. Anuradhapura one of the ancient capitals was discarded for centuries and enclosed by thick jungle until it was exposed by the British. A site for pilgrimage and known as sacred as it contains the Bodhi tree which is respected by Buddhists along with many monuments and monasteries which are of great archaeological value. The famous sites are Ruwanwelisaya stupa. The remains of the Abhayagiri monastery as well as the Jethwana monastery and the Aukana Buddha statue. Rock temples, carvings, statues, the terraced ponds and water reservoirs make Anuradhapura a wonder to any traveler.
The second ancient citadel Polannaruwa contains the spectacle Lake Parakrama, which is a man made lake which has impressive engineering from the ancient times. The main things to see are the ruins of the Royal Palace and the ruins of Nissanka Malla’s Palace. Rankot Vihara, Lankatilaka Gedige, Kiri Vihara and the Gal Vihara.
A wonder of the cultural triangle is Sigiriya rock fortress, constructed in 5th Century AD. This marvelous fortress contains well laid out gardens, pools, fountains as well as the oldest surviving rock paintings of the famous Sigiriya maidens. No trip to Sri Lanka is worth it without visiting this wonder known as Sigiriya. The cultural triangle is by far ancient Sri Lankan architectural tradition at its very best

 

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