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Galoya National Park

Monaragala, South Coast, Sri Lanka.
Location : Monaragala
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Overview

 Galoya national park is one of the major forest reserves in Sri Lanka which is located within both Ampara district in Eastern province and Monaragala district in Uva province. The 25900 hectare land was declared a national park in the year of 1954. It is important as the catchment area of Senanayake reservoir.   

There you find different topographical characteristics as mountains, valleys and plains. The park receives rain mainly from north east monsoon, and average annual precipitation is 1700mm. There is a variety of ecosystems in this place due to its high bio diversity. The savannah ecosystem around the Nilgala plain that spread over 3000 acres in the west reaches of the park where dry mixed evergreen forests are found and the aquatic ecosystem dominate the land. Galoya River plays a major role in sustaining the fertility of the land as well as its high bio diversity. There are flourishing riverine forest cover, around the Galoya River that flows down to Senanayake reservoir (Senanayake samudraya) through the park. The two tributaries of Galoya river called Ekgala aru and Pallam oya along with the 7 other channels namely Mulgan oya, Kaballebokka oya, Ambagahakadura oya, Kedatta kadura and Kospola oya are also fed by this forest.
Bulu (Belerica Myrobalana), Satinwood (chloroxylon swietenia), Milla (Vitex pinnata),Ebony (Diospyros ebenum),Halmilla(Berrya cordifolia), Kon(Schleichera oleosa),Kunumalla(Diospyros ovalifolia) and Indian Gooseberry are the foliage of above mentioned ecosystems. 100 species of birds including 41 aquatic birds found here. 7 species of them are recognized as endemic. Sri Lankan jungle fowl, Spur fowl, Red faced malkoha, and Brown headed babbler are some of them.
It is recorded that there are 35 mammal species together with 4 endemic species that inhabit the Galoya Park. Some of them are elephants, leopards, bears, sambhurs, spotted deer, water buffalos, wild boars, jackals, barking deer, torque monkeys, and southern otter. 33 fish species are found here whereas 5 out of them are endemic. Moreover this park is also a home for butterflies such as Crimsmsonrose, Common Indian crow, and Glassy tiger.
Jeep safaris and boat safaris help to enhance the worth of your visit to Galoya national park. 
  
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