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Pidurangala Royal Cave Temple

Pidurangala, Sigiriya, Ancient Central, Sri Lanka.
Location : Sigiriya
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Overview
The historical Sigiri Pidurangala Temple is located in the Dambulla electorate in Matale District, a three-hour drive from the Bandaranaike International Airport in Katunayake.
Located next to Sigiriya, the fifth century masterpiece of Sri Lankan architecture, and enriched with prehistoric data, Pidurangala had been transformed to a fully fledged monastery complex in the tenure of King Kashyapa in the 5th century AD.
When Kashyapa I (477 AD to 495 AD) arrived in Sigiriya, Sigiriya itself had been a monastery complex. The King had paid attention to the adjacent rock sheltered cave complex which facilitated the bhikkus therein and completed the monastery complex equipped with all facilities, making the best use of natural rock caves and flat terrain expanded across 13 acres.
The vihara or temple which was based on the panchavasa concept combined with natural rocky outcrops became known by the name ‘Dala Vehera’ or ‘Dalaha giri vehera’.
The world renowned 48½ long Buddha statue has been created in the natural cave which faces east. This is considered to be the only and most ancient Buddha statue finished with a special mixture of lime.

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