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Rankot Vihara

Polonnaruwa, Ancient Central, Sri Lanka.
Location : Polonnaruwa
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Overview
The second biggest building in Sri Lanka, Rankot Vihara is a 55m high building built by Nissanka Malla in the 12th century. Rankot Vihara is the largest finished dagoba. The design of the building is similar to dagoba of the Anuradhapura style.
The Rankot Vihara or the Golden Pinnacle Dagoba in Polonnaruwa is the fourth largest dagoba in Sri Lanka after the three great dagobas (Ruwanweliseya, Jetawanarama and Abhayagiriya) of Anuradhapura.
The 55 metre (180 feet) high dagoba has a base with a circumference of 168 metres (550 feet). It is the original Ruwanveliseya or ‘Golden Sand’ Dagoba and is a clear imitation of the style of construction during the Anuradhapura era. Small chambers containing Buddha statues had been around the dagoba.
That one of them had housed a statue in the lying down position is evident from the remains of its brick wall. The entire dagoba has been constructed with bricks and a unique factor about the design is that a limestone foundation had been laid every 10 feet.
Although the dagoba was completed by King Nissanka Malla, it is believed to have been initiated by Rupavati, one of King Parakramabahu’s wives.

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